Tag: Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs

በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋ–የሰበር ውሳኔዎች ዳሰሳ

በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋ–የሰበር ውሳኔዎች ዳሰሳ
1. መግቢያ

በአሰሪና ሰራተኛ ግንኙነት ዋነኛ ከሚባሉት የአሰሪ ግዴታዎች ውስጥ አንዱ ከስራው ጋር በተያያዘ የሰራተኛውን ደህንነትና ጤንነት ለመጠበቅና ከአደጋ ለመከላከል የሚያስፈልጉትን እርምጃዎች ሁሉ መውሰድ ይገኝበታል፡፡ ግዴታው በአዋጁ አንቀጽ 12(4) ላይ በጥቅሉ የተቀመጠ ሲሆን በአንቀጽ 92 ላይ ደግሞ ግዴታዎቹ በዝርዝር ተቀምጠው ይገኛሉ፡፡ በእርግጥ ከሙያ ደህንነት፤ ጤንነትና የስራ አካባቢ ጋር በተያያዘ ግዴታ የተጣለው በአሰሪው ላይ ብቻ ሳይሆን በሰራተኛውም ላይ ጭምር ነው፡፡ (አዋጅ ቁ. 377/96 አንቀጽ 13(4) (5) እና አንቀጽ 93)
ሰራተኛው ሆነ አሰሪው በህግ የተጣለባቸውን ግዴታ ቢወጡም ያልተጠበቀ አደጋ መድረሱ አይቀሬ ነው፡፡ በስራ ላይ በሚደርስ አደጋ ሰራተኛው ጉዳት ሲደርስበት የአሰሪና ሰራተኛ ህጉ ጉዳት የደረሰበት ሰራተኛ እንደ ጉዳቱ መጠን እንዲካስ ከሞተም በስሩ የነበሩ ጥገኞች ክፍያ እንዲከፈላቸው በአሰሪው ላይ ግዴታ ይጥላል፡፡
ህጉ በፍርድ ቤቶች ተፈጻሚ ሲደረግ በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋ ትርጉምና የተፈጻሚነቱ ወሰን፤ የአሰሪው ኃላፊነት፤ የአካል ጉዳት ምንነትና መጠን፤ የጉዳት መጠን ደረጃ እና የካሳ ስሌት በተመለከተ የህግ ትርጉም የሚሹ ጥያቄዎች ይነሳሉ፡፡ ይህ ዳሰሳም የሰበር ችሎት በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋን በተመለከተ በምን መልኩ የህግ ትርጉም እንደሰጠ የሚቃኝ ይሆናል፡፡ Continue reading “በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋ–የሰበር ውሳኔዎች ዳሰሳ”

Ethiopia condemns Saudi crackdown on workers

PressTV – Ethiopia condemns Saudi crackdown on workers.

Ethiopian Foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom has condemned Saudi Arabia for its brutal crackdown on migrant workers in the kingdom.

Saudi authorities have launched the weeklong visa crackdown on foreign workers, killing three people, including an Ethiopian national.
“This is unacceptable. We call on the Saudi government to investigate this issue seriously. We are also happy to take our citizens, who should be treated with dignity while they are there,” Adhanom said on Sunday.
Ethiopia’s top diplomat said Addis Ababa has formally complained to Riyadh and is now working to bring its citizens back home.
Saudi security forces on Saturday clashed with thousands of migrant workers protesting a new labor law.
Two people were killed and nearly 70 others injured after police opened fire to disperse protesters in the capital Riyadh. More than 500 protesters were also detained.
On Wednesday, the Ethiopian man was killed during another crackdown, prompting the Ethiopian government to announce efforts to bring home its citizens.
Riyadh has announced plans to create jobs for Saudi nationals by reducing the number of foreign workers totaling some nine million people.
Hundreds of thousands of workers have already left the kingdom amid tougher conditions for migrants.
Foreign workers cannot change jobs or leave Saudi Arabia without the permission of their sponsors, who are often Saudi companies or individuals who provide workers to businesses for profit.
Most of the sponsors take away the passports of the workers for the duration of their contract.
Human rights groups have criticized Saudi Arabia over the condition of migrant workers in the kingdom and called on Riyadh to abolish the sponsorship system for migrant workers.

Ethiopian migrant killed in Saudi crackdown

Ethiopian migrant killed in Saudi crackdown – Middle East – Al Jazeera English.

The man was trying to resist arrest, authorities say, as they pursue a crackdown on illegal workers, arresting 16,000

An Ethiopian migrant has been killed by Saudi police after he tried to flee arrest during a round-up of thousands of foreigners suspected of working illegally in the kingdom.

A statement on Wednesday by Riyadh police chief Nasser el-Qahtani said security forces killed the African migrant worker in el-Manhoufa a day earlier when he and others tried to resist arrest.

The security sweep comes after seven months of warnings by Saudi Arabia’s government, which has created a task force of 1,200 Labour Ministry officials who are combing shops, construction sites, restaurants and businesses in search of foreign workers employed without proper permits.

More than 16,000 people have already been rounded up, according to authorities.

Strict labour law

Police have also erected checkpoints to enforce the kingdom’s strict labour rules that make it almost impossible to remain in the country without official sponsorship by an employer.

Residents said most shops have been closed since the sweep began on Monday, with many of the country’s migrants avoiding the streets where they face possible arrest.

The state-backed Saudi Gazette reported on Wednesday that residents are already feeling the brunt of the everyday work the migrants provided, from ritual washings of corpses before burial to food delivery and bagging groceries.

Authorities say that since warnings were issued earlier this year, almost seven million foreigners in Saudi Arabia corrected their paperwork to accurately reflect their occupation and workplace.

The kingdom also issued more than one million final exit visas, which ban people from ever returning.

The Saudi-owned Asharq al-Awsat newspaper reported that authorities detained around 16,500 workers in the first 48 hours of the nationwide crackdown.

The newspaper quoted Saudi officials as saying that nearly half of the migrants were arrested near the southern border with Yemen.

Another 5,000 had been detained in Mecca, where some Muslims stay on illegally after pilgrimage.

Less than 1,000 were detained in the main city of Riyadh.

A resident in the poorer neighborhood of el-Manhoufa in Riyadh told the Associated Press news agency he saw police stopping people outside a mosque after prayers and arresting those who did not have the correct papers on them.

The Arab American News – Woman sentenced to 37 years in prison for starving adopted Ethiopian child to death  

The Arab American News – Woman sentenced to 37 years in prison for starving adopted Ethiopian child to death  .

Source: The Arab American News

WASHINGTON — A U.S. woman was sentenced to 37 years in prison on Tuesday, Oct. 29,  for starving her Ethiopia-born adopted daughter and leaving her to die outside in the cold in Washington state.
Stay-at-home mother Carri Williams, 42, was convicted last month of homicide by abuse, in connection with the 2011 death of 13-year-old Hana Williams, who was adopted in 2008.

The Arab American News - Woman sentenced to 37 years in prison for starving adopted Ethiopian child to death  

The girl’s father, Larry Williams, 49, was convicted of first-degree manslaughter and sentenced on Tuesday to 28 years in prison.. The jury deadlocked on a charge of homicide by abuse against the man.

The family lived in Sedro-Woolley, a town about halfway between Seattle and Vancouver, British Columbia.
Hana Williams died of hypothermia in May 2011, after being found bruised and unconscious in the backyard shortly after midnight in temperatures hovering around 40 degrees.
In addition to the charges linked to Hana’s death, the couple were found guilty of assault of a child, stemming from maltreatment of their 10-year-old son, who was also adopted from Ethiopia and has been removed from the Williams’ home.