Category: Lawyers

የችሎት ገጠመኞች እና ቀልዶች

ብዙዎቻችሁ የEthiopian Legal Brief ጎብኚዎች wordpress.com ላይ በላልበልሃ የሚል ብሎግ እንዳለኝ የምታውቁ ይመስለኛል፡፡ ሆኖም ከስራ ብዛትና በቀላሉ ኢንተርኔት ከማግኘት ችግር የተነሳ ከጊዜ ወዲህ በላልበልሃ ላይ ብሎግ ማድረግ አቁሜያለው፡፡ በቅርቡም ለብሎጉ ጎብኚዎችና subscribers በይፋ በማሳወቅ ብሎጉን delete ለማድረግ አስቤያለው፡፡ ጽሁፎቹን ያላነበቡና በድጋሚ ለማንበብ የሚፈልጉ እንደሚኖሩ በመረዳት የተወሰኑትን Ethiopian Legal Brief ላይ አወጣቸዋለው፡፡

የሚከተሉት የችሎት ገጠመኞችና ቀልዶች ከፊሎቹ በላልበልሃ ላይ የወጡ ሲሆን የተቀሩት አዲስ ናቸው፡፡ የህግ ሰዎች! እስቲ ትንሽ ዘና እንበል፡፡

የችሎት ገጠመኞች

ቅርንጫፍ የሌለው ባንክ

ምስክሩ የምስክርነት ቃሉን በእውነት ለመስጠት ቃለ-መሃላ ፈጽሞ ከዳኛው ፊት ለፊት ተቀመጠ፡፡ ዳኛውም ስም ዕድሜ አድራሻ ከጠየቁት በኋላ ቀጣዩን ጥያቄ አቀረቡለት፡፡
ስራ?
ምስክር – ባንክ
ዳኛ – የትኛው ባንክ?
ምስክር – አይ አይደለም ጌታዬ! እኔ እቺ የቆርቆሮ ባንክ ነው የምሰራው፡፡

ቻርጅ እና ቻርጀር

በሞባይል ስልክ ስርቆት ተጠርጥሮ ክስ የቀረበበት አንድ ግለሰብ በቀጠሮው ቀን ፍርድ ቤት ሲቀርብ ዳኛው ‹‹ቻርጁ ደርሶሃል?›› ሲሉ ይጠይቁታል፡፡ ምን ያለበት ምን አይችልም እንዲሉ የዳኛውን ጥያቄ በወጉ ያልተረዳው ተከሳሽ “የምን ቻርጀር?” እኔ የወሰድኩት ሞባይል ብቻ ነው” በማለት ፈጣን ቃሉን ሰጥቷል፡፡

መከላከያ በችሎት

በአንድ ወቅት በወንጀል የተፈረደበት አንድ ደንበኛ ይግባኝ እንዳቀርብለት ጠይቆኝ ስለጉዳዩ የበለጠ ለመረዳት አንዳንድ ጥያቄዎች አቀረብኩለት፡፡ ትንሽ ማውራት እንጀመርን የተከሰሰበትን ድርጊት በበቂ ሁኔታ የሚያስተባብሉ የሰነድና የሰው ማስረጃ እንዳሉት ተረዳሁ፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ፍርዱን ሳነበው ተከላከል የሚል ብይን ከተሰጠበት በኋላ መከላከያ እንዳለው ሲጠየቅ “የለኝም” ብሏል::
እኔም ይህ ሁሉ በቂ ማስረጃ እያለው ለምን መከላከያውን እንዳላቀረበ በጣም ተገርሜ መከላከያ እንዲያቀርብ ዕድል የተሰጠው መሆኑን ጠየቅኩት፡፡
እሱም “አዎ መከላከያ አለህ? ሲለኝ የለኝም” ብያለው
የባሰ በመገረም “ለምን?” ብዬ ጠየቅኩት::
“መከላከያ ሲል መከላከያ ሰራዊት መሰለኛ!”

የችሎት ቀልዶች

ተከሳሽ– “ክቡር ፍርድ ቤት ሌላ ተከላካይ ጠበቃ እንዲሾምልኝ እጠይቃለሁ::”
ዳኛ– “ምንድነው ምክንያትህ?”
ተከሳሽ– “ይሄኛው ተከላካይ ጠበቃ የኔን ጉዳይ ችላ ብሎታል፡፡
ዳኛ– ወደ ተከላካይ ጠበቃ ዞረው “እህ ለተከሳሹ ቅሬታ የምትለው ነገር አለህ?”
ተከላካይ ጠበቃ– “ኧ!? ምን አሉኝ? ይቅርታ ጌታዬ እየሰማሁ አልነበረም፡፡”

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ዳኛው ተከሳሹን “ፍርድ ቤት ተከላካይ ጠበቃ እንዲያቆምልህ ትፈልጋለህ?” ሲሉ ይጠይቁታል
ተከሳሽ –“አይ በራሴ ብከራከር እመርጣለሁ፡፡ የቀረበበኝ ክስ እኮ በጣም ከባድ ነው!”

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በአንድ የአስገድዶ መድፈር ወንጀል ክስ ዐቃቤ ህጉ ዳኛውን “ጌታዬ ይህ ድርጊት የተፈጸመው ተስተናጋጅ ጢም ብሎ በሞላበት ሬስቶራንት ውስጥ ነው፡፡” ብሎ መናገር ሲጀምር በነገሩ የተደመሙት ዳኛ “በእኔ ተሞክሮ ግን ይህን መሰል ድርጊቶች የሚፈጸሙት ተስተናጋጅ በሌለበትና ሬስቶራንቱ ዝግ በሚሆንበት ጊዜ ነው፡፡” ሲሉት ዐቃቤ ህጉ ነገረኛ ቢጤ ነበረና “አይ ጌታዬ! እኔ እንኳን እንደዛ ዐይነት ተሞክሮ የለኝም!” በማለት የተከበሩት ዳኛ ላይ አላግጦባቸዋል፡፡

* * * * * * * * * *

ዳኛው የተምታታ ክርክር እያቀረበ ሃሳቡ አልጨበጥ ያላቸውን ጠበቃ “ያንተን ክርክር ጭራውን እንኳን ለመያዝ አቅቶኛል፡፡ በአንዱ ጆሮ ገብቶ በሌላኛው ይወጣል” ይሉታል፡፡ ጠበቃውም የሚሸነፍ ዓይነት አልነበረምና “ጌታዬ በመሀል ሆኖ የሚያቆመው ነገር ምን አለ?” ሲል መልሶላቸዋል፡፡

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ከግራ ወደቀኝ እየተመላለሰ ባለማቋረጥ ለረጅም ጊዜ ክርክሩን በማቅረብ ላይ ያለ አንድ ሞቅ ያለው ጠበቃ በንግግሩ መሀል ቆም ብሎ “እየተከተሉኝ ነው ጌታዬ?” ሲል ዳኛውን ይጠይቃቸዋል፡፡ ዳኛውም “አዎ በቅርበት እተከተልኩህ ነው፡፡ ግን ግራ የገባኝ ነገር ወዴት ነው የምትሄደው?” በማለት መልሰው በነገር ጠቅ አድርገውታል፡፡

Pardon Proclamation and notice

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Proclamation No. 840/2014  Procedure of Granting and Executing Pardon Proclamation DOWNLOAD

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Mulugeta Getu, Law Schools’ Access to Legislation and Decisions: Current Trends and Suggested Outlets

Law Schools’ Access to Legislation and Decisions: Current Trends and Suggested Outlets      DOWNLOAD (pdf)

(Journal of Legal Education Vol. 3, No.2            December 2010 )

Mulugeta Getu

(LLB, LLM, Lecturer in Law Haramaya University College of Law.)

Introduction

Legislations enacted by the different organs of the regional and federal states and precedents (interpretation of law given by the Federal Supreme Court Cassation Division and the decision of the House of Federation on constitutional issues) comprise the sources of law in Ethiopia. These materials should be easily accessible to the public to let it guide its behavior in accordance with the law. In addition, access to law paves the way for the establishment of the rule of law.

There is, however, a serious problem of accessing legislations and decisions in Ethiopian law schools. The lack of access is often caused by many factors, namely, lack of commitment, poor attention, financial constraints, bureaucratic acquisition process, lack of regular publication and distribution, geographical limitations, etc. Law schools being the naissance of lawyers, have the most compelling need of accessing these documents. Unlike ignorance of law by ordinary citizen that affect that individual alone, ignorance of a lawyer (who will eventually become a judge, attorney, or a prosecutor) endengers the public. Legislations and decisions, moreover, are periodic in a sense that upon their issuance, they might repeal or suspend earlier laws or decisions. This nature of the documents, in turn, requires their prompt communication to law schools and the public in general to make them effective.

This article tries to assess the challenges and possible outlets regarding the accessibility of these documents by law schools. To address these issues, the writer has used a combination of methodologies. Most of the data for the research gathered through interview and questionnaires from different law schools. Literature review has also been made to appreciate the necessity of these legal documents, effect of poor access to the legal education and observe the lessons of foreign law schools. In addition, documents like legislation have also been consulted wherever found necessary.

The article is divided in to three chapters. It starts with an introduction followed by the first chapter addressing three more points: history of publication of legal documents in the world and Ethiopia, the kinds of documents statutorily required to be published in Ethiopia together with the responsible organs, and laws schools‘attachment to these documents. The Second chapter is devoted for assessing the means used by law schools to access these legal materials, and the effect of poor access on the legal education. The tasks we ought to do to enhance accessibility of documents to best support the legal education is dealt in the third chapter. And, finally, the conclusion follows.

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Draft Proclamation to Provide for Licensing and Administration of Advocates Practising before Federal Courts

The Ministry of Justice, an organ empowered to license federal advocates and generally regulate advocacy service in Federal Courts, has recently prepared a draft proclamation which substantially amends the previous law. The Following is a scanned copy of the draft proclamation.

If you would like to comment on the draft you can use the comment section or if you want to write an article to be posted on this blog, use the Contact me section and drop me your email, full name and other additional information relevant to your profile. Then you will be granted a status of contribution and using your registration account you will be able post on this blog at any time.

DOWNLOAD Licensing of Advocates and administration of advocacy service Draft Proclamation