SOURCE OF INCOME AND PROPERTY AFFAIRS OF POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER – ONE
SUPPORT GRANTED FROM GOVERNMENT
100. Government Funding: Amount and Eligibility Criteria
1.The government shall grant annual financial support for political parties to enable them conduct legal operations and meet their obligations, based on the vote they win at Federal and State Council elections, the support and donations they receive from members and supporters, the number of female and disabled candidates they nominate as candidates, and other relevant criteria.
2.The amount of financial support that a political party receives, in accordance with sub-article (1) above, shall be determined by a directive to be issued by the Board based on the following criteria:
a. the number of votes it wins at Federal and State Council elections;
b. the support and donations it receives from members and supporters; c. the number of female candidates it nominates;
d. the number of female members of the party and number of female at leadership positions; and
e. the number of disabled candidates that it nominates.
3.Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-article 3(a) of this Article, a party shall not receive government funding if it receives less than 0.5% of the total number of votes for the House of Peoples Representatives or less than one percent (1%) of the total votes for the State Council that it contested for. However, this minimum percentage requirement shall not be applicable to parties representing minority nations or nationalities.
4.The amount of funding to be granted based on the criteria listed under sub-article (2) above shall be applicable to the general election to be conducted following the adoption of this Proclamation.
5.In addition to the financial support stated above, the government may provide support to political parties in kind or through services.
101. Source of Government Support
The support granted by the government has its sources from:
1. government allocation;
2. foreign or domestic support or aid; and
3. any other body.
1.The government support for political parties shall be rendered equitably and without discrimination in accordance with this Proclamation.
2.The political parties shall follow transparent and accountable principle in order to demonstrate that the support granted by the government has been utilized properly and for the intended purpose.
103. The Management and Distribution of Government
1.The financial support to be provided by the government based on Article 100 (2) shall be managed and distributed by the Board. The Board shall keep information necessary for this purpose.
2.The payment of the government’s annual financial support shall be made in two installments.
3.Political parties shall submit their request for financial support before Meskerem 30, so that the amount they will receive for the financial year can be calculated and allocated according to Article 100 (2). The Board shall determine the amount to be allocated to political parties by Nehase 30.
4.The Board shall determine the amount to be allocated to a party that has submitted a request as per sub-article (3) based on the timetable submitted by the party. The Board shall, before granting the party the financial support for the coming financial year, examine the financial statements for state funding for the previous year and ascertain that there are no anomalies. The Board shall extend by one month the timeframe the party has to submit the financial investigation report.
5.The support granted to political party in accordance with this Proclamation:
a. shall be terminated when the political party fails to meet the requirements for
eligibility for government funding;
b. shall not be utilized by the political party from the date it failed to meet the eligibility requirements;
c. shall be refunded from the date the political party failed to meet the requirements;
d. notwithstanding the provisions of sub-article 4 (b) and (c), the Board may allow the party to withhold part of the fund it requires to meet contractual obligations entered prior to the time its eligibility for state funding ended.
104. The Rule Applicable to the Support Granted to Political Parties
1.Political parties shall submit a report certified by an auditor or a financial expert with details of government funding utilized listed under expenditures.
2.The Board shall issue a directive to political parties on the utilization of government funding.
105. Books of Account of Political Party
1)Any political party:
a. shall deposit the support granted by government with a local bank using a
b.may not expend outside the allowed expenditure and shall transact the account according to the law;
c.shall keep the granted support in specific books of account by listing under every expenditure heading;
d.shall submit audit report certified by auditor or financial expert, according to finance law, specifying the amount granted by the government in the budget year and the particulars for which the money has been expended.
2.The auditor or financial expert shall forward his comment in the audit report as to whether the account audited by him has been expended outside the scope of the law and directive.
3.The Federal Auditor General may at any time inspect political parties concerning the utilization of the government support funds.
106. Responsibility and Penalty
1.Where a political party utilizes the government grant outside the purpose of the support, or not submits report on the required time, or submits a false financial document, or is in default of the obligation in relation with the grant:
a. the support for the party may decline or be terminated;
b. the party may, according to this Proclamation and any appropriate law, be fined; c. the sanctions stated under sub-article 1 (b) may be imposed on the leader or
leaders of the political party.
2. The Board may request a political party to return that amount of expenditure not utilized properly through court case or through mediation.
107. Submission of Audit Report to the House of Peoples’ Representatives
1. The Board shall, within a short time after the end of the budget year, submit report to the House of Peoples’ Representatives concerning the support granted to political parties. The report shall include:
a. the total amount of support allocated from government and from any other sources to the parties in the budget year;
b. the amount of support allocated to each political party in the budget year;
c. the amount of expenditure in the budget year by each political party as permitted by
d. the balance of account resulted in the budget year.
2.The Board shall send the report outlined in above sub-article 1 to the Auditor General as well.
1.The Auditor General, within 30 days upon receiving the report, shall send the audit report to the House of Peoples’ Representatives by attaching his financial statement.
CHAPTER – TWO SOURCE OF INCOME
108. Income Source of Political Party
1. The income source of a political party may be:
a. membership dues collected from members;
b.donations or grants by Ethiopian nationals and companies controlled by Ethiopians in accordance with the limit to be set by the Board on basis of its study;
c.the grant and support to be given by the government as provided under Article
100 of this Proclamation.
2. Without prejudice to the provision of this Article, a political party may organize fundraising event to enhance its financial position.
3. Notwithstanding the provision of Article 66 (2) of this Proclamation, a political party which has attained legal personality may not directly or indirectly engage in commercial and industrial activities.
4. The Board shall issue detailed directive on matters provided for in this Article.
109. Prohibited Donation or Grant
1.Every political party is prohibited to accept donation or grant from the following persons or bodies:
a. foreign nationals or corporation;
b. foreign government or foreign political party;
c. welfare organization or non-governmental organization;
d. religious organization;
e. prisoners of law;
f. an organized group or person assuming state power in a manner other than
that provided under the Constitution;
g. designated as terrorist;
h. Notwithstanding the provision of Article 111 (2), donation or grant from unknown source;
i. Full or partial government developmental organizations;
j. donation or grant from anybody or person for the execution of any future object conferred inappropriate benefit or for receiving unlawful benefit.
2.Where a political party happened to get in any way the donation or grant prohibited under sub article (1) of this Article, the party shall return the donation or grant to the Board together with related documents within 21 days from the date it received the donation or grant.
110. Unlawfully Acquired Asset and Property
Where a political party is found to have received, in a manner otherwise than permitted by this Proclamation, money or any property in the form of donation, gratuity, inheritance or proceeds from commercial and industrial activity, or in any other way, it shall be fined three times more than the money it received. Additionally, it may be held liable under the appropriate law.
RECORD, BOOK KEEPING AND AUDITING
111. Record and Audit of Political Party
Every political party shall have to keep appropriately at its head office an accurate and permanent record which includes the following matters:
1.any in kind or monetary contribution or donation, and pledged contribution or donation;
2.financial statement consisting the following:
a. income statement indicating the different sources of income of the political party;
b. the name of the person who made a contribution, donation or pledge of more than ETB 5000;
c. the time by which the pledge contribution or donation is to be submitted; and
d. the general financial activity of the political party.
3.list of the fixed assets of the political party, and when and how the political party came to own these assets;
4.The party’s detailed debt; and
5.other relevant matters required by the Board
112. Books of Account
1.Every political party shall have accounting procedure relating to its income and expenditure.
2.The procedure of account of income and expenditure of every political party shall be in accordance with the generally accepted practice of accounting.
3.Every member of a political party shall have a right to seek at any time, without hindering the activity, information concerning the income and expenditure accounts of the political party of which he is a member.
4.Every political party shall have the responsibility to prove to the Board that its expenditures are spent for its political objective.
113. Annual Audit Report
1.Every political party shall undertake financial investigation annually by its auditor. Starting from 6 months of its registration, the political party shall submit its audit report to the Board on the third month after the end of each budget year.
2.Every political party submitting the annual audit report to the Board shall include: a. a list of the source and amount of income;
b. a list of expenditure under the expenditures title;
c. a list of liabilities on movable and immovable properties;
d. a document signed the political party leader signed and containing the party seal to authenticate the content of the document; and
e. the political party should submit the list of incomes, expenditures, assets and liabilities together with the supporting documents
3.The party shall submit to the Board the abovementioned income, expenditure, asset and debt details with corresponding analysis.
4.Notwithstanding the provisions of this Proclamation, every political party shall prepare and officially issue annual audit report. Such annual audit report shall have to be inspected and accepted according to this Proclamation.
5.Where a political party fails to submit the report as referred in sub article 1 of this Article, or if it submits, the Board finds uncertainty; the Board may cause the inspection of the account by sending an external auditor.
Election Observers, Representatives of Candidates, Agents of the Media and Voter Education
114. Election Observers
1. Interested local election observers may do so by submitting their request to and securing the Board, which on accepting the request shall give them a certificate of observers.
2. International observers may observe elections on the invitation of the government, according to international treaties the country has signed.
3. An international observers group observing elections according to sub-Article (2) herein above, shall take an observers’ certificate from the Board.
4. Observers to whom certificates are issued must demonstrate their acceptance of the Board’s election observers’ code of conduct through signature of the organizations and their respective representatives.
5. The Board shall assign observers groups in in consultation with certified observers.
115. Accreditation of Local and International Observers
1.The Board, when presented with a request to observe elections observation shall ensure that the requesting organization:
a. is a local organization with a legal personality;
b. is non-partisan, a not-for-profit, and not a part of any government body; c. is leaders and board members are not members of any political party.
d. can deploy individuals capable of independently observing elections; up on verifying this and the organization’s capacity as well as ensuring by the signatures of the organizations and their representatives their acceptance of the election observers code of conduct it prepared the Board shall issue them observers’ certificate.
e. The Board shall issue a directive to implement sub-articles “a” to “d” above.
2.Where the Board denies a request to observe elections in accordance with sub article (1) above, it shall notify this to the applicant in writing within 30 days of receiving the request. An applicant dissatisfied by the Board’s decision may appeal within 14 days to the Federal High Court. decision of the Board
3.Where an election observer is engaged in activities in violation of the code of conduct and the commitments it made, the Board may, according to the circumstance of the case, issue warning to the organization and its representative, pointing out the error and telling them to make amends; or may suspend the individual or the organization from elections observation.
116. Right of an Election Observers
1.A representative of an organization who is issued with an election observation accreditation has the right to monitor the election process and request and obtain appropriate information. The observers have the right to look at elections material and observer the voting and counting process.
2.Election observers may report to the secretariat of the Board any irregularities they observed or encountered related to the election process.
117. Duty of Election Observers
Any election observer which has received a certificate form the Board shall:
1.Carry his Observer’s Certificate and display it on request;
2.Abide by the instructions of electoral executives;
3.Refrain from any act which may obstruct the proper and efficient conduct of the election process;
4.Respect the code of conduct for observers issued by the Board; and
5.Be obligated to prepare and submit a detailed report to the Board.
Without prejudice to sub-article (1), an international observer may, in accordance with the directive to be issued by the Board, observe the election process impartially and abiding by the laws of the country, international agreements and the Board’s directive.
118. Representatives of Political Party and Independent Candidates
1.Any political party which has fielded candidates in an election may:
a. assign to the election office of his constituency two onsite representatives who shall work in turns;
b. assign to each of the polling station in his constituency onsite representatives who shall work in turns in the polling stations;
2.Any independent candidate may assign:
a. two onsite representatives who shall work in turns in the election office of his
b. two onsite representatives who shall work in turns in each of the polling station in his constituency.
3.Each political party or independent candidate may assign not more than seven mobile observers to a constituency
119. Presenting the Representatives
1.Any political party that has fielded candidates or any independent candidate shall submit to the electoral office of his constituency the written list of the names of the onsite and mobile representatives including the substitutes seven days before the voting day. The chief electoral constituency executive shall within two days after receipt of the list give a letter containing the list of the observers to the political party.
2.The constituency electoral office shall duly publicize the list of fixed and mobile agents assigned to each polling station.
120. Rights of Representatives
1.Any onsite representatives of a candidate has the right to monitor the election process, to submit complaints at every level and to obtain information.
2.He has the right to record his observations and request explanations from the election executives;
3.Any representative of a political party candidate or of an independent candidate has the right to get appropriate information regarding the electoral process of his assigned station;
4.Any representative of a political party candidate or of an independent candidate shall carry out his legal responsibility of a representation free of any influence.
5.A Candidate’s representative shall abide by the instructions given by the chief executive of the polling station and refrain from any act which may obstruct the election process. The Board shall issue a directive detailing the implementation.
121. Obligations of Representatives
Any onsite or mobile representative shall:
1. Abide by the orders given by the Chief Electoral Officer;
2. Present his credentials when asked by an authorized body;
3. Respect the Electoral Law;
4. Not attempt to advise voters on whom to elect or to otherwise influence them;
5. Not touch, pick or tamper with election materials or do anything that may damage them;
6. refrain from acts that intimidate the polling station chief or other workers or disrupt their work;
7. Not enter the ballot casting compartment;
8. sign and abide by the code of ethics for representatives issued by the Board.
122. Absence of a Representative
1.No candidate or his representative may request for the annulment of the electoral activities conducted during his absence on his own account from his assigned place.
2.Notwithstanding sub-article (1) above, where it is established that the representative’s absence was a result of an obstacle deliberately designed to hinder his presence, the activities carried in his absence may, on his request, reviewed and decided on, as appropriate, by Grievance Committee of the Constituency or Polling Station.
123. Issuance of Certificates
The Board shall issue or cause to be issued certificates to election observers, onsite and mobile representatives, journalists and election observers.
124. Civic and Voter Education
1.The Board shall devises a strategy to help voters acquire adequate election related awareness through civic and voter education with the help of the mass media;
2.The Board shall license registered civic society and schools to conduct civic and voter education. The details will be determined by a directive to be issued by the Board.
3.Education and training provided by the Board or institutions licensed by the Board, in accordance with this Proclamation, shall be conducted on the basis of the educational materials to be developed by the Board
125. Issuance of License
When an institution submits a request to the Board for a license to educate voters, the Board shall: examine whether
1.The requesting body:
a. is a legally registered and operating domestic civil society organization or an
accredited higher education institution;
b. fulfills the Board’s criteria relevant to voter education;
c. Has the capacity to discharge its responsibilities efficiently; and
d. is independent of any political activity.
And the Board shall ensure that the requesting organization and its representatives have accepted and signed the code of conduct for voter and civic education and then issue a license to educate as well as a certificate.
2.The Board may not issue license to any organ that does not fulfill the criteria in sub-article (1) above and shall notify the applicant in writing its decision to deny license along with the reasons. Any organization, higher education institution that applied to conduct voter and civic education and denied by the Board can appeal the decision to the Federal Higher Court.
3.Where any licensed institution violates the code of conduct and the commitments it made, the Board may, according to the circumstance of the case, issue warning to the organization and its representative pointing out the error and telling them to make amends; or may take such other measures as the cancellation of the license.
126. Responsibilities of Journalists
1.A journalist covering elections must have an ID card indicating his profession and a support letter from the media institution for which he works. Any journalist who wishes to report from within 200 meter of a polling station must obtain authorization of the Board before election day.
2.Any journalist, engaged in the activities as per sub-article (1) above shall refrain from any act interfering with the decision of voters and elections executives duties;
3.Any journalist, shall respect the code of conduct for election coverage that will be issued by the Board.
General Principles of Election
Code of Conduct
1. The legitimacy of a government elected in a multiparty democratic shall rest on the following principles;
a. When voters are offered through the election campaigns adequate information about
the polices of the political parties and the character of the candidates, and when they could make their own informed decisions emanating from individual interest;
b. The ability of voters to vote freely, without any interference, fear, pressure, undue influence as well as free of bribery and other incentives.
2. All parties, shall in good faith work to ensure that,
a. The principles of the electoral code of conduct are respected;
b. Elections are recognized as expressions of the free and legitimate decision of the people;
c. The decision of the electorate is respected by all.
3. In any matter relating to the election process, parties and independent candidates shall conduct their activities in conformity with the provisions of this Proclamation.
128. Abiding by the Ethical Provisions of the Proclamation
1. Any political party or independent candidate:
a. Shall conduct its activities in accordance with the provisions of this Proclamation.
b. Shall take appropriate measures to ensure that its leaders, officials, candidates and members do not infringe this Proclamation.
c. Shall take appropriate measures to prevent party officials, candidates and members from committing any acts in contravention of this Proclamation; and to restrain supporters from getting involved in activities that are prohibited by this Proclamation.
d. Shall fairly implement the provisions of this proclamation when communicating their objectives and programs to the public.
2. To ensure that its members or supporters abide by the provisions of this proclamation, a party shall educate in accordance with the plan to be developed by the Board as well as take other appropriate measures.
3. The Board shall issue a directive detailing how political parties should teach ethical conduct and communicate their positions as well as how they should use social media.
129. Rules of Election Campaigning
1. Any Political party shall;
a.Respect the rights and freedoms of all other parties to stage election campaigns, and to disseminate their political views and principles without fear;
b.Conduct itself in a manner that respects the rights of other parties, of the electorate and other members of the community;
c.Respect the freedom of the mass media;
d.Respect the activities of competing parties in their interaction with the electorate; ’ e.Contribute its share to help all citizens who wish to participate in political activities to
do so freely;
2. No political party may;
a. Harass or obstruct private or government journalists who are engaged in their
professional activities; engage in activities that in any way disrupt, destroy or frustrate the election campaign of other parties or cooperate is such acts;
b.Hinder the smooth distribution of election handbills, leaflets, or posters, of other parties and candidates;
c.Deface or destroy or otherwise prevent the visibility or legibility of the posters of other political parties or candidates;
d.Have its leadership, members or supporters, stop or disturb or agitate against or otherwise hamper, other political party’s from staging a public demonstration, meeting, rally, march;
e.Prevent any person from attending the political rallies of another party; or
f.Incite and agitate its supporters to commit any of the acts prohibited under this
130. The Election Process
Any political party shall,
1.In cooperation with election officials ensure the conduct of free and fair, p a. Peaceful and orderly polling without any
b. interference in the right of voters;
2.Play its part to ensure the safety and security of electoral officials before and on election day as well as the day after.
3.Respect and cooperate with accredited election observers and officials.
4.Uphold and support the maintenance of the secrecy of the ballot.
5.Not make a move to occupy a polling station by force or to otherwise illegally secure votes;
6.Not disturb or unduly interfere with the work of election executives or the voting or vote counting processes;
7.Not give voters false information which implies lack of secrecy in the voting process.
131. Accepting the Election Outcome
1.Any political party or independent candidate shall accept the outcome of an election that has been certified by the appropriate authorities.
2.Notwithstanding sub-article 1, any political party or independent candidate may present any grievances the appropriate body, as indicate by law.
3.Any political party or independent candidate may give an official statement to the media sharing their comments and/or complaints on the election process and result after 48 hours following the conclusion of the voting.
4.The statement shared according to sub-article 3 above shall focus on the points on which one has reservations and limit itself to the existing conditions at the time the statement is given; in particular, it shall not discredit the election as a whole.
5.Any statement on election results given by a political party or independent candidate shall be free from expressions that incite conflict or disparage a competing party or individual.
132. The Language to Be Used in Election Campaigns
1. Any political party shall;
a. Organize and conduct its election campaign in manner that contributes to the
peacefulness and success of overall campaign, voting, vote counting and post-electoral processes;
b. Conduct itself in a manner becoming of its the responsibility given it, its reputation as well as status;
2. Any one delivering a speech at a rally may not use language that,
a. Triggers conflict or is directed at attacking an individual person;
b. in anyway incites revolt /violence or is threatening to individuals or groups.
3. No political party may issue, or distribute any pamphlets, newsletters or posters containing language or material that officially or covertly incites or encourages violence.
133. Inappropriate Use of Symbols
Any political party may not:-
1. Imitate the emblems or candidature symbols of other parties;
2. Steal, remove, disfigure or destroy political or campaign materials of other parties; or
3. Instigate its supporters to commit any of the acts prohibited under this section;
134. Prohibition of Intimidation and Violence
1.Any political party shall accept the prohibition of any form of intimidation or hassling, and shall;
a. Issue instructions that expressly prohibit any act of intimidation, harassment, or hassling by party officials, candidates, members and supporters against any person at any time;
b. Denounce all violence and acts that incites violence and educate its members;
c. Condone destructive or violent acts committed or threats that invite violence voiced by their officials, candidates, members or supporters;
d. Respect the rights and propriety interests of other individuals as well as parties.
2.The leader of any political party shall instruct the party’s officials. candidates, members and supporters not to bring along any traditional or modern to any political rally, meeting, march or demonstration.
3.Any political party:
a. may not engage in or permit any act of violence aimed to prove its strength or
b. Shall do everything under its power to prevent the destruction of any public or private property;
c. May not encourage its supporters to commit any of the acts prohibited under this section;
135. Abuse of Power
1.Any political party may not:-
a. Use its position of power, opportunity or its ability to influence others, or such
illegal acts as offering bribes or hinting at threats to further its political interest;
b. Use Federal, Regional, Municipal or other public resources for campaign purposes in any manner other than those allowed by election laws.
2.In this section,” a position of power, opportunity or ability to influence” includes of parental, familial, governmental power, police, local armed militia, traditional or customary authority.
136. Corrupt practices
Any political party shall not:-
1.With coercion or by offering financial or other inducement direct the electorate to vote for or against a particular party or candidate, or to abstain from voting;
2.Coerce or offer monetary or other kind of inducement to persons to stand or not to stand as candidates, or to withdraw or not to withdraw their candidacies; or
3.Introduce a candidate or hinder the introduction of other candidates using the inappropriate support one may have as a civil servant from the office he leads or works.
137. Continued Communications
1.Any political party may work to forge an enduring relationship with other parties.
2.Political parties may, without infringing the provisions of this proclamation, form a joint forum they may use to discuss issues of mutual interest during elections campaigns or any other time
Responsibilities of Stakeholder
138. Duties of Political Parties and Candidates
1.Every political party and candidate shall except its effort to popularize this proclamation among the electorate; in particular, it shall educate the contents of this proclamation to its candidates, members and supporters and ensure that it is known and respected by all.
2.Every political party shall promote and support efforts made in the course of the election to educate the provisions of this proclamation to voters.
3.Any political party and candidate shall a. Abide by this Proclamation;
b. Provide leadership to its candidates, officials, representatives, members and supporters, to work in compliance with this Proclamation, and take appropriate measures that assist in their compliance.
4.Every political party and candidate shall have the duty to publicly declare that everyone has the right:
a. To freely express his political views and opinions;
b. To challenge and debate the political views and opinions of others; c. To publish and distribute his own election and campaign materials;
d. To lawfully display banners, billboards and posters.
e. To canvass financial, material and other support for a party or candidate, in
accordance with the law.
f. To recruit members for a party; g. To hold public meetings
h. To attend public meetings.
5.Political parties and candidates shall publicly declare their commitment to abide by the proclamation and the codes of conduct therein.
6.Political parties and candidates shall publicly condemn any action that may harm or undermine the conduct of free and fair elections.
139. Responsibilities of the board and other Election Officials
1.The board shall take necessary measures to introduce and popularize this proclamation among governmental and other institutions that have direct or indirect roles to play in the election process.
2.The Board has the responsibility to disseminate the Proclamation to all concerned bodies.
3.Election officials at all levels shall offer training on the contents of this proclamation to ensure that everyone concerned has adequate knowledge of the law.
140. Role of Other Stakeholders
1. The Board shall support the media in their effort to educate and popularize this proclamation among the public.
2. Institutions licensed to give civic and voter education in accordance with the directive to be issued by the Board shall be made to teach the contents of this proclamation as well.
141. The establishment of Joint Council
1. Political parties running for elections may establish a joint council which will help them enforce this proclamation and other common issues, amicably resolve issues of implementation, democracy, human rights that may arise during the election process, as well as to dwell on issues that help strengthen the reign of the rule of law in Ethiopia.
2. Political parties shall determine the details of the organization/establishment and procedures of the joint council. However, the political parties should ensure that the organization and procedures of the joint council do not contradict the provisions of this proclamation.
Acts of Ethical Misconduct and Penalties Sub- Section one
Acts of Ethical Misconduct
142. Bribery and Abuse of Force or Power
Any political party, independent candidate, coalition, front, alliance or movement, as well as any political party leader, official, candidate, member, agent or representative who,
1.offers or receives monetary or any kind of inducement or bribe.
2.interferes or disturbs the voting process or counting of votes.
3.coerces or offers monetary or any kind of inducement to persons to vote for or against a particular party or candidate, or to abstain from voting.
4.controls polling stations by force or tries to get votes illegally.
5.Abuses power by offering a reward, threatening a penalty or by any other means.
6.coerces or offers monetary or any other kind of inducement to person to become a candidate or not to became a candidate, to withdraw or not to withdraw from an election
7.As a public servant, uses official time, responsibilities and resources to promote candidates or discourage other candidates from promoting themselves through legal means;
8.Uses public property for election campaigns shall be deemed to have committed an act of ethical violation.
143. Obstruction of Electoral activities by Intimidation or Violence
Any political party, independent candidate, coalition, Front, alliance, Movement; and party leader, official, candidate, member, agent or representative of a party who
1.Interferes in the election process through pressure and undue influence;
2.Intimidates or threatens other political parties not disseminate their views freely;
3.In any way prevents or hampers the activities of political parties or voters;
4.Create obstacles or chaos to prevent campaigns, meetings discussion or any training or education;
5.Disturbs or prevents the process of voting;
6.Prevents or disturbs stopes, weakens the campaign of other political parties or candidates.
7.Obstructs the conduct of rallies, meetings, marches or demonstrations or prevents others from participating in such activities;
8.Insults, belittles or hampers the rights of voters;
9.Fails to cooperate, despite being in a position to do so, in efforts during the election process to ensure the security of election officials and candidates;
10.In any manner prevents the voters from registering or voting;
11.Violates the secrecy of the voting process or fails to ensure its observance;
12.Abuses its right by lodging false and exaggerated complaints under the pretext of violation of this proclamation shall be deemed to have committed ethical violation and may face suspension from election or a fine of up to ETB 100,000 (one hundred thousand ETB).
144. Disseminating Destabilize Messages During Elections
Any political party or independent candidate, Ccoalition, Ffront, Aalliance, Movement; and any party leader, official, candidate, member, agent or representative of a party who,
1.Delivers a speech that destabilize the peaceful conduct of the election campaign, incites violence, incites clashes or triggers threats;
2.Distributes pamphlets, newsletters or posters containing language or material that officially or overtly threatens or incites violence;
3.Disseminates false information regarding the secrecy of voting shall be deemed to have committed an act of ethical violation.
145. Disrupting the Election Campaign of Other Parties or Candidates
Any political party, independent candidate, Ccoalition, Ffront, Aalliance, Movement; or any party leader, official, candidate, member, agent or representative of a party who
1.Prevents a political party from recruiting a member or opening offices, prevent open offices from operating freely by creating open or hidden chaos, or in any manner disrupts the election activity of a party or candidate;
2.Defaces or unlawfully removes, tears down or destroys or hinders the visibility or legibility of adverts, flyers or posters;
3.Imitates the logo or symbols of another party;
4.Steals, disfigures or destroys political or campaign materials of another party;
Shall be deemed to have committed ethical violation, which may result in the barring of the guilty party from contesting in the election or fine of up to ETB 100,000 (one hundred thousand ETB)
146. Failure to Cooperate with Journalists and Election Observers
Any political party, independent candidate, Coalition, Front, Alliance, Movement; or any party leader, official, candidate, member, agent or representative of a party who:
1.Encroaches the freedom of the press;
2.Harasses or obstructs journalists during an election;
3.Disrespects or fails to cooperate with accredited election observers Shall be deemed to have committed ethical violation
147. Failure to Popularize the Code of Conduct and to Condemn Iilegal Acts
Any political party, independent candidate, Coalition, Front, Alliance, Movement; or any party leader, official, candidate, member, agent or representative of a party who
1. Fails to publicly condemn any act of violence or acts which incite violence or acts perpetrated by members, candidates or leaders, which destabilize peace and security of the public;
2. Fails to issue directive that clearly restrains leaders, candidates, supporters, and members from intimidating others at any time shall be deemed to have committed acts of ethical violation.